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Last Modified Date: 11 Oct 2016
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Behavioral Health Adjustment in Reserve Component Soldiers During a Noncombat Deployment to Africa

(New Publication)

Sipos, Maurice L.; Wood, Michael D.; Riviere, Lyndon A.; Adler, Amy B. (2014).

Military Psychology, Vol 26(5-6), Sep-Nov 2014, 409-421.

 

Abstract

This study benchmarked rates of mental health problems, adjustment difficulties, and perceptions of unit climate among 505 U.S. soldiers (primarily National Guard) deployed to the Horn of Africa in 2012. In addition, the study examined whether differences across these outcomes exist between combat veterans (n = 239) and noncombat veterans (n = 242). Rates of mental health problems among soldiers on this noncombat deployment were lower than rates typically found among soldiers on combat deployments. Furthermore, soldiers without previous combat experience had lower rates of mental health problems and aggression than combat veterans. Similar differences were evident when adjustment difficulties and unit climate variables were compared. Although combat veterans could be valuable in training new soldiers, the results of this study indicate that combat veterans may need more targeted resources to facilitate their adjustment if they are to be optimally utilized.

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